Gender equality is mainstreamed in all domain programs. Given that gender equality is far from achieved in the CLMV countries, many SDC program outcomes are formulated to allow for gender-specific planning and budgeting. Gender specific targets are or will be formulated (affirmative action), and the monitoring data for SDC projects will be disaggregated by gender.
Good governance is characterized by accountability, participation, non-discrimination, efficiency and effectiveness, and transparency. The mainstreaming of these principles is reflected as outcomes, or in outcome indicators, for all programs. The principles of good governance are formulated in a human-rights-based perspective, with a view to strengthening the capacities of rights holders and of duty bearers. Non-discrimination, in Lao PDR and Vietnam especially, refers to the non-discrimination of ethnic minorities. Affirmative action for ethnic and religious minorities and other vulnerable and marginalized groups is foreseen in most outcome statements of the Swiss program. Given the particularly low levels of education and information of poor women and men in rural areas in all CLMV countries, the promotion of access to meaningful information as a means to support accountability and transparency is included in many domain programs.
Climate change adaptation and mitigation and Disaster Risk Reduction are included especially in agriculture and food security programs, using existing instruments to analyze the risks and integrate preventive or mitigating activities.
Conflict-sensitive program management is key, particularly in the post-violent conflict context of Cambodia. It shall also be considered in Lao PDR, which presents elements of fragility. CSPM-results will be integrated into the MERV of these countries. Analyses of the political economy and conflict sensitive context assessments that include ‘do no harm’ analyses are necessary in all CLMV countries. Identifying dividing and connecting forces in these dynamic and heterogeneous contexts will enable SDC to manage the potential for social tension and unrest in sensitive contexts, for example when supporting ethnic minorities or working in the area of land governance. Promoting platforms for dialogue and exchange between different communities, civil society organizations and local authorities will be an important means to support trust-and confidence-building.
(Approximately 22 million CHF, 11% of overall budget)
Health: SDC supports the Kantha Bopha Hospitals in Cambodia, which provide free medical treatment to children. Since 1992, the Kantha Bopha Hospitals have treated over one million ill children requiring hospitalization, as well as over 10 million children onan outpatient basis. SDC will continue its financial contribution to this private Swiss initiative and it will support the Kantha Bopha Foundation to develop a sustainable financing of the services provided by these five hospitals.
Culture: In line with SDC’s overall policy to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in its partner countries, the Mekong program will dedicate around 1% of its budget to this purpose.